Toyota Land Cruiser 2014 Toyota Land Cruiser (VDJ200R) VX wagon (2015-07-09) 01.jpg Toyota Land Cruiser (J200) Overview Manufacturer Toyota Production 1951–present Body and chassis Class Off-road vehicle
The Toyota Land Cruiser (Japanese: Toyota Rando-kuruza?) is a series of four-wheel drive vehicles produced by the Japanese car maker Toyota. It is Toyota’s longest running series. Production of the first generation Land Cruiser began in 1951 (90 units) as Toyota’s version of a Jeep-like vehicle.
The Land Cruiser has been produced in convertible, hardtop, station wagon and cab chassis versions. The Land Cruiser’s reliability and longevity has led to huge popularity, especially in Australia where it is the best-selling body-on-frame, four-wheel drive vehicle.
Toyota also extensively tests the Land Cruiser in the Australian outback – considered to be one of the toughest operating environments in both temperature and terrain. In Japan, the Land Cruiser is exclusive to Toyota Japanese dealerships called Toyota Store. As of 2016, the Land Cruiser J200 is available in every market except Canada, Hong Kong, (both markets where the Lexus LX is available), North Korea, and South Korea.
When the Imperial Japanese Army occupied the Philippines in 1941 they found an old Bantam Mk II Jeep and promptly sent it to Japan. The Japanese military authorities ordered Toyota to make a similar vehicle but to change the appearance. The resulting Model AK prototype led to the Yon-Shiki Kogata Kamotsu-Sha.
Later in 1941 the Japanese government told Toyota to produce a light truck for Japan’s military. In 1942 Toyota developed the AK10 prototype by reverse-engineering a Bantam GP Jeep. The half-ton truck features an upright front grille, flat front wheel arches that angled down and back like the FJ40, headlights mounted above the wheel arches on either side of the radiator, and a folding windshield. The AK10 is powered by the 2259 cc, 4-cylinder Type C engine from the Toyota Model AE sedan coupled to a three-speed manual transmission and two-speed transfer gearbox. Unlike the U.S. Jeep, few AK10’s were ever used and photographs of them in the battlefield are rare. The postwar Toyota “Jeep” BJ is completely different from the AK10 and inherits no mechanical parts from it.